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Salmonellosis is an infection with bacteria called Salmonella. These germs have been known to cause illness for more than 100 years. They were discovered by an American scientist named Salmon, for whom they are named.

Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment. However, in some persons, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. In these patients, the Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the bloodstream, and then to other body sites and can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with antibiotics. The elderly, infants, and those with impaired immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness.

 

What you can do:

  • Determine that the illness is Salmonella though laboratory tests.
  • Ensure that the patient remains hydrated.
  • Use antibiotic therapy only for at-risk patients.

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